Resilience4j is a lightweight, easy-to-use fault tolerance library inspired by
Netflix Hystrix, but designed for Java 8 and functional programming. Lightweight, because the library only uses Vavr, which does not have any other external library dependencies. Netflix Hystrix, in contrast, has a compile dependency to Archaius which has many more external library dependencies such as Guava and Apache Commons Configuration.
Resilience4j provides higher-order functions (decorators) to enhance any functional interface, lambda expression or method reference with a Circuit Breaker, Rate Limiter, Retry or Bulkhead. You can stack more than one decorator on any functional interface, lambda expression or method reference. The advantage is that you have the choice to select the decorators you need and nothing else.
With Resilience4j you don’t have to go all-in, you can pick what you need.
The following example shows how to decorate a lambda expression with a CircuitBreaker and Retry in order to retry the call at most 3 times when an exception occurs.
You can configure the wait interval between retries and also configure a custom backoff algorithm.
The example uses Vavr’s
Try monad to recover from an exception and invoke another lambda expression as a fallback, when all retries have failed.
// Create a CircuitBreaker with default configuration CircuitBreaker circuitBreaker = CircuitBreaker .ofDefaults("backendService"); // Create a Retry with default configuration // 3 retry attempts and a fixed time interval between retries of 500ms Retry retry = Retry .ofDefaults("backendService"); // Create a Bulkhead with default configuration Bulkhead bulkhead = Bulkhead .ofDefaults("backendService"); Supplier<String> supplier = () -> backendService .doSomething(param1, param2) // Decorate your call to backendService.doSomething() // with a Bulkhead, CircuitBreaker and Retry // **note: you will need the resilience4j-all dependency for this Supplier<String> decoratedSupplier = Decorators.ofSupplier(supplier) .withCircuitBreaker(circuitBreaker) .withBulkhead(bulkhead) .withRetry(retry) .decorate(); // Execute the decorated supplier and recover from any exception String result = Try.ofSupplier(decoratedSupplier) .recover(throwable -> "Hello from Recovery").get(); // When you don't want to decorate your lambda expression, // but just execute it and protect the call by a CircuitBreaker. String result = circuitBreaker .executeSupplier(backendService::doSomething); // You can also run the supplier asynchronously in a ThreadPoolBulkhead ThreadPoolBulkhead threadPoolBulkhead = ThreadPoolBulkhead .ofDefaults("backendService"); // The Scheduler is needed to schedule a timeout // on a non-blocking CompletableFuture ScheduledExecutorService scheduledExecutorService = Executors.newScheduledThreadPool(3); TimeLimiter timeLimiter = TimeLimiter.of(Duration.ofSeconds(1)); CompletableFuture<String> future = Decorators.ofSupplier(supplier) .withThreadPoolBulkhead(threadPoolBulkhead) .withTimeLimiter(timeLimiter, scheduledExecutorService) .withCircuitBreaker(circuitBreaker) .withFallback(asList(TimeoutException.class, CallNotPermittedException.class, BulkheadFullException.class), throwable -> "Hello from Recovery") .get().toCompletableFuture();
With Resilience4j you don't have to go all-in, you can pick what you need.
Resilience4j provides several core modules and add-on modules:
- resilience4j-circuitbreaker: Circuit breaking
- resilience4j-ratelimiter: Rate limiting
- resilience4j-bulkhead: Bulkheading
- resilience4j-retry: Automatic retrying (sync and async)
- resilience4j-cache: Result caching
- resilience4j-timelimiter: Timeout handling
- resilience4j-retrofit: Retrofit adapter
- resilience4j-feign: Feign adapter
- resilience4j-consumer: Circular Buffer Event consumer
- resilience4j-kotlin: Kotlin coroutines support
- resilience4j-spring-boot: Spring Boot Starter
- resilience4j-spring-boot2: Spring Boot 2 Starter
- resilience4j-ratpack: Ratpack Starter
- resilience4j-vertx: Vertx Future decorator
- resilience4j-rxjava2: Custom RxJava2 operators
- resilience4j-reactor: Custom Spring Reactor operators
- resilience4j-micrometer: Micrometer Metrics exporter
- resilience4j-metrics: Dropwizard Metrics exporter
- resilience4j-prometheus: Prometheus Metrics exporter
Updated over 1 year ago